The Student Who Designed A Collegetown Apartment Building

12 08 2014

6-29-2014 163

Here’s another installment in the Collegetown history series.

I like to imagine that it’s every architect’s ambition to have one of their designs built, a building they can touch with their hands. For some, it takes longer than others. Firms have their hierarchies, and companies have their preferred architects. Many budding designers have to start out small, designing housing additions or lobby areas or pavilions, slowly working their up to larger and grander projects. I imagine the Cornell students hard at work in Sibley and Rand Halls dream of the day that one of their designs becomes reality.

It just so happens that for one Cornell student, their big break came a little sooner than most. It happened while they were still a student at Cornell. The building they designed stands in Collegetown today.

I’m not talking William Henry Miller, or some architect from the much simpler times of the nineteenth century. For this, I only need to go back to the early 1980s.

At the time, the company Student Agencies, Inc. was based at 409 College Avenue, just like it is today. Student Agencies is a student-run business that operates Big Red Shipping and Storage, Hired Hands Moving, and produces the Cornellian yearbook and TakeNote, among other things. 409 College is the second building from left in the lead image, and I’ve included a google screencap below. Back in the Disco Era, the Student Agencies building was a rather ramshackle three-story house with a bump-out. You can see the outline of it here, in a photo of College Avenue ca. 1968. The building housed Student Agencies, and a restaurant called “The Vineyard”, a 1970s mainstay for bland Italian-like food until it closed in 1980.


In the fall of 1980, Student Agencies decided to up their game with a new, modern apartment building, one of the first planned in Collegetown area. At the time, Collegetown was still something of a drug-ridden ghetto, lacking today’s high-end units and wealthy students; it was a no-go for many Cornellians. Student Agencies, being the shrewd businesspeople they are, decided to add a twist to their development by making it into a design competition. In a collaboration with Cornell’s architecture school, 4th and 5th year architecture students were invited to submit designs for a mixed-use structure on the site, within zoning constraints. The designs would then be judged on practicality and aesthetics. The judges consisted of the Chairman of the Architecture Department (Jerry Wells), another Cornell architecture professor (Michael Dennis), two Syracuse University architecture professors (Werner Seligmann, the dean, and Prof. Walter Danzinger), Mick Bottge of the Ithaca City Planning Board, and two Student Agencies reps, Peter Nolan and Ed Clement. The winner would not only see their design built, but also win $1,000 (about $2,893 today). Three runner-ups would receive $250 each, and $250 would be donated by SA to publish a booklet of the designs. $2,000 ($5,786 adjusted) was a lot less than hiring a design firm, and it also gave Cornell students an ability to showcase their talents in a practical event. Win-win.

27 designs were received. Now, I would sacrifice a goat to your deity of choice if it allowed me to obtain a copy of the booklet, but I’m afraid I’m out of goats. The winners were announced in March 1981, and the first prize went to Grace R. Kobayashi ’81. The runner-ups were Mustafa K. Abadan ’82, Dean J. Almy ’82, and George M. How ’82. Ms. Kobayashi’s five-story design called for a theater, retail space, and apartments on the upper floors. In an interview with the Sun, she mentioned that although the competition ran for three months, she created her design in only a week and a half. As for the award money, she added “realistically, the award money will go towards graduate school, but maybe I’ll go to Europe.”

Property of the Cornell Daily Sun.

Property of the Cornell Daily Sun.

Well, Ms. Kobayashi wouldn’t have to worry about grad school money. The following year, she received an extremely prestigious fellowship from the internationally-renowned architecture firm Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, to the tune of $10,000. The history gets harder to trace after that; she was selected as a fellow for the Amercian Academy in Rome in 1989, and had been a practicing architect in the NYC area at the time. Presently, it looks like she may be an instructor at the Pratt Institute in NYC. Mustafa Abadan is a partner at SOM, Dean Almy is an associate professor of architecture at UT-Austin, and George How went to work for equally-presitgious Kohn Pedersen Fox, and co-designed NASA’s headquarters. Sadly, he passed away in 1993 due to complications related to AIDS, aged 35.

As for the building, it would be a few years before it was built, finally beginning construction in 1985 and finishing in fall 1986. Today, it blends in seamlessly to the fabric of the 400 block of College Avenue, creating a fully built-out block of similar massing and scale, unique and yet part of a cohesive group that gives some some urbanity to Collegetown. I wonder how many other towns can claim to have a Grace Kobayashi design in their midst?



9 responses

15 08 2014

Fun and informative entry. I love reading about the history (of any sort) involving my old neighborhood. Thanks BC.

18 08 2014
Student designed Collegetown apartment buildingThe Ithaca Voice

[…] This post was written by Brian Crandall, who runs the blog “Ithacating in Cornell Heights.” […]

20 08 2014
Back To The Future: Collegetown in the 1980s | Ithacating in Cornell Heights

[…] still up on the otherwise complete-looking structure. It was finished in 1986, the result of the student design competition that was the topic of last week’s post. Using these details, that’s how we came up with 1986 as the year this and the other photos […]

3 09 2014

And almost 30 years later, it is still the most handsome building in College Town.
Good article.

9 09 2014
fun thought

Love this idea, wish it could be done again!

On that thought, Ithacating chould hold a “mock” design competition for your readers. This informed audience might provide some really neat ideas. How about the city golf course property?

As it is city-owned you could propose a mock RFP, outline the parcel, bullet point the known projects in the area, trace the local amenities (Stewart Park, Farmers Market, Waterfront Trail), the amenity goals (extending the waterfront trail, apts/condos/free standing/mixed use/tourist shopping, boat access, a bridge to Treman Park, event facility, etc), and the problems with the land (mainly it floods). It would be fun to participate in a mock RFP that says “Reconfigure the city owned land of the Newman Golf Course and design such that a municipal 9 hole remains, resolves the regular flooding issues, and provides for city priorities which may include: ____”

Anyone who’s a regular on a golf course can tell you Newman is built on more land than a 9hole needs. I once played around with satellite images and I easily found that most of the “best 9 holes” in the country could fit onto about 2/3 of the land Newman uses.

9 09 2014
B. C.

I like this concept a lot, but I don’t think readers will be sufficiently invested to make it work. There’s a core group of readers who can provide many ideas and insights, but they’re all very busy people, and I don’t know how I’d make it worth their time. Maybe the Newman idea would be something to float as an academic case study in City and Regional Planning, or even the Baker Program in Real Estate? I don’t know how it would be done, but I would be greatly interested in watching it play out.

10 09 2014
fun thought

I’m glad you like the idea. Sorry to say I do not know anyone in the Real Estate program. But it does seem like something that would be in their line. Maybe they’ll see this idea some day! I too would be really interested to see innovative ideas for a more efficient use of that water-frontage land and resolve the course flooding issue.

19 02 2015
Design Competition Announced for Collegetown Apartment Building | Ithacating in Cornell Heights

[…] in August, I wrote a story about how a student competition was held in the early 1980s to design the mixed-use building […]

18 06 2015
Seven Years Later | Ithacating in Cornell Heights

[…] and development – the 10-story building once proposed for Stewart Avenue, the Collegetown history series I did last year, and that time Cayuga Heights stopped Cornell from building dorms. There […]

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